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Genetic Engineering  
 
 

Genetic engineering refers to a set of technologies that are being used to change the genetic makeup of cells and move genes across species boundaries to produce new organisms. The techniques involve highly sophisticated manipulations of genetic material and other biologically important chemicals. Through genetic engineering, organisms are given new combinations of genes and organism that is generated through genetic engineering is considered to be a genetically modified organism. Genetic engineering uses the techniques of molecular cloning and transformation to alter the structure and characteristics of genes.

Genetic engineering techniques have been applied in numerous fields including research, agriculture, industrial biotechnology and medicine. Genetic Engineering is also concerned with developing varieties of hybrid plants, making plants disease resistant. Genetic engineering techniques are used in research, biotechnology and medicine.


Specialty areas of Genetic Engineering

1. Clinical genetics

2. Classical genetics

3. Molecular genetics

4. Population, quantitative and ecological genetics

5. Genomics

6. Behavioral genetics

7. Genetic algorithms

 

Employment

Genetic Engineers are employed in pharmaceutical industries, agriculture departments, Medical department, government and private organizations. They can also take up teaching as an option. Genetic engineering is involved in developing hybrid varieties of plants, vegetables, foods etc. Genetic engineering has become globally recognized. The work of a genetic engineer is involving in extracting the DNA out of one organism, changing it using chemicals or radiation and subsequently putting it back into the same or a different organism.

 
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